Half as many Scots women are cycling regularly compared with men according to new data, leading to claims that active travel policies “don’t work for women in Scotland”.
The figures come from the most recent Walking and Cycling Index produced by the sustainable transport charity, Sustrans. It surveyed people across the UK on their travel habits in 2021, including from seven cities across Scotland.
Analysis of the Scottish data by The Ferret found that just 13 per cent of women cycled at least once a week in 2021, compared with 29 per cent of men. In one Scottish city, just eight per cent of women cycled regularly.
Campaigners blamed “aggressive drivers, unlit cycle routes, and gendered expectations around what we wear” for the low cycling rates among women. The “different needs and experiences of women” need to be considered in “how we plan our public space and travel infrastructure”, they added.
Encouraging more people to cycle is seen as a “fundamental” part of creating a cleaner transport network which can help Scotland achieve its climate goals. It is also viewed as an important way of improving the nation’s physical and mental health.
The Scottish Government has pledged “record levels of funding” for active travel schemes, including to increase the number of people using bikes instead of cars for local journeys.
But as the Sustrans survey reveals, cycling is not currently perceived as safe or accessible to everyone, particularly women.
Inverness had the highest levels of regular cycling by women in Scotland, with 20 per cent of women in the Highland city getting on a bike at least once a week. At the other end of the spectrum was Dundee, where only 8 per cent of women cycle regularly.
Glasgow had the biggest discrepancy between the number of men and women cycling, with 31 per cent of men and 11 per cent of women regularly using a bike.
Cycling at least once a week (%)
The trend of men cycling more than women was also borne out in the rest of the UK. Across Britain as a whole, 23 per cent of men and 11 per cent of women cycle once a week.
It is not repeated in other European countries, however. In Germany and Denmark women cycle as much as men, while in the Netherlands the gender split is the other way around, with women making up 55 per cent of all cycling trips.
According to Alys Mumford, communications and engagement manager at the feminist campaign group, Engender, cycling infrastructure in Scotland is not currently “designed for the journeys women need to make”.
“Active travel policies don’t work for women. Aggressive drivers, unlit cycle routes, and gendered expectations around what we wear all contribute to these figures,” Mumford told The Ferret.
“Measures like gender budget analysis are vital to make sure that we are considering the different needs and experiences of women in how we plan our public space and travel infrastructure.”
“We need bike lanes to be wide enough for bike trailers, segregated from traffic to allow children to cycle safely, and actually going to the places people need them to.”
Muir said: “In Scotland, 39 per cent of women think cycling safety in their local area is good. Most women feel that if they had safer cycling infrastructure, then they would cycle more frequently and they would feel more confident cycling.
“There is so much potential for more women to cycle — the Index findings show that 30 per cent of women in Scotland overall said that they ‘do not cycle but would like to’.”
Who is likely to cycle?
The Sustrans survey also looked at levels of cycling among other demographic groups.
Disabled people were less likely to cycle regularly in all of Scotland’s cities than non-disabled people. In Dundee and Aberdeen, just eight and nine per cent of disabled people were cycling at least once a week, respectively.
People were also more likely to cycle if they had a higher socioeconomic status. In Aberdeen, Dundee and Stirling just ten per cent of people in the lowest socioeconomic group cycled regularly.
Ruskell added: “While it is encouraging that many more people decided to travel by bike during the pandemic, it is clear that as traffic returned to pre-pandemic levels many reverted to other modes of transport.
“Unfortunately many people simply, and completely understandably, don’t feel that it’s safe to ride on the road alongside cars and lorries. With Greens working cooperatively in government we’ve secured the biggest ever investment in walking, wheeling, and cycling infrastructure.”
A spokesperson for Transport Scotland — which oversees active travel policies on behalf of the Scottish Government — said that getting more people involved in cycling was “key to continuing Scotland’s revolution” in transport.
They said: “We fund this research from Sustrans to understand and respond to barriers — and what’s clear from the latest index is that perceptions around safety remain paramount.
“To make cycling safer and ensure people feel confident, delivering segregated infrastructure is essential. Funding for active travel in Scotland is now at record levels of £150m in 2022-23.
Both Sustrans and Transport Scotland also pointed out that they are behind a campaign aimed at empowering young female cycling ambassadors in schools, colleges and youth groups to help get more young women cycling.
Photo credit: iStock/Solovyova