The Ministry of Defence has refused to say whether the five referred to the counter-terrorism programme are still serving in the armed forces.
The army is using counter-terrorism strategy to spot signs of radicalisation within the ranks and prevent recruitment by extremists such as neo-Nazi groups.
Official documents reveal that Police Scotland has been trying to infiltrate communities near the Ineos petrochemical plant at Grangemouth.
Most work under the UK Government’s counter terrorism strategy in Scotland is aimed at tackling sectarian and extreme right wing ideologies.
More than 4000 workers in prisons, councils, the NHS, Fire and Rescue services and the military have taken part in counter-terrorism courses.
Doctors and nurses advised to breach patient confidentiality and report suspicious people to the state to comply with counter-terrorism law.
Animal rights, environment and anti-nuclear campaigners are “of concern” according to counter-terrorism training materials produced by Scotland’s largest council.