The amount of salmon killed by diseases and other problems at fish farms has reached record levels, with death rates quadrupling over the last 18 years.
Landowners will be prevented from mass shooting of mountain hares and salmon farmers face controls on sonic seal scarers - but beavers will still be killed.
Noise alarms used by the salmon farming industry to scare away seals could damage the hearing of whales, dolphins and porpoises, according to the Scottish Government’s wildlife agency.
The number of seals shot by the fish farming industry has doubled ahead of a proposed government ban, prompting fears of a “killing spree”.
The Scottish Government is going to ban the fish farming industry from shooting seals to save a £180 million export business to the US, The Ferret can reveal.
Energy, fishing and other industries that profit from the sea would have to pay to help save marine wildlife under a scheme being put forward by environmentalists.
The multinational salmon farming industry has been pushing behind the scenes for environmental limits on a toxic pesticide to be 100 times weaker than government regulators recommend.
The £2 billion salmon farming industry marketed around the world as Scottish is virtually all owned by investors in Norway, Switzerland, Cyprus, Canada and other countries.